**The following resources have been developed and/or gathered to support K-12 teachers as they implement the Missouri Learning Standards (MLS) in Mathematics.**

## STANDARDS-BASED MATHEMATICS

- Our
**1st**and**2nd**grades math standards are grouped into four domains: operations and algebraic thinking, number and operations in base ten, measurement and data, and geometry. These domains are still studied in the**3rd, 4th**and**5th**grades, along with a new domain: fractions and operations with fractions. - The
**6th**and**7th**grades Missouri Learning Standards (MLS) are grouped into five domains: ratios and proportional relationships, the number system, expressions and equations, statistics and probability and geometry. These domains are also used in**8th**grade, with one exception: ratios and proportional relationships are replaced by functions. - The
**9-12**standards are designed in the following conceptual categories: Number and Quantity, Algebra, Functions, Modeling, Geometry and Statistics and Probability. The standards specify the mathematics that students should study in order to be college and career ready.

## MATH PRACTICE

The following are a sets of practice questions that illustrate the full range of difficulty expected by particular standards.

Kindergarten MLS Math Practice

1st Grade MLS Math Practice

2nd Grade MLS Math Practice

3rd Grade MLS Math Practice

4th Grade MLS Math Practice

5th Grade MLS Math Practice

6th Grade MLS Math Practice

7th Grade MLS Math Practice

8th Grade MLS Math Practice

High School MLS Math Practice

Kindergarten MLS Math Practice

- Kindergarten students should be able to represent and operate on whole numbers and to describe shapes and space.

1st Grade MLS Math Practice

- The common core standards for grade 1 focus on: addition and subtraction within 20, whole number relationships and place value, measuring lengths, and composing and decomposing geometric shapes.

2nd Grade MLS Math Practice

- Second grade students should focus on extending understanding of base-ten notation, on building fluency with addition and subtraction, on using standard units of measure and on describing and analyzing shapes.

3rd Grade MLS Math Practice

- According to the math standards, third grade students should know strategies for multiplication and division within 100, solve problems with unit fractions, understand the structure of rectangular arrays and of area and analyze two-dimensional shapes.

4th Grade MLS Math Practice

- Fourth grade students should be able to multiply multi-digit numbers, divide and find quotients of multi-digit dividends, add and subtract fractions with like denominators, multiply fractions by whole numbers, and analyze properties of geometric figures.

5th Grade MLS Math Practice

- The CCS standards for fifth grade mathematics focus on addition and subtraction of fractions, multiplication and division of fractions in limited cases, extending division to 2 digit divisors and understanding the concept of volume.

6th Grade MLS Math Practice

- In grade 6, students should learn to connect ratio and rate to multiplication and division, to solve problems with rational numbers including negative numbers, to write and use expressions and equations and develop understanding of statistical thinking.

7th Grade MLS Math Practice

- Seven grade students should be able to apply proportional relationships, to use operations with rational numbers, to solve linear equations, to solve real-life problems involving area, surface area and volume calculations, and to draw inference about populations based on samples.

8th Grade MLS Math Practice

- Eighth grade students should be able to reason with expressions and equations, to use functions to describe quantitative relationships, to use distance, angle, similarity and congruence and to understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem.

High School MLS Math Practice

- Number and quantity, algebra, functions, modeling, geometry, statistics and probability.

## RESOURCES

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